Beckwith Family Dental Care in Grand Rapids, MI has been providing periodontal disease treatment for over 30 years. Periodontitis is something you can prevent by practicing good oral hygiene. Also known as gum disease, periodontal disease occurs in three stages:
Gingivitis is the initial stage of gum disease and is characterized by inflammation of the gums that is the result of plaque buildup along the gumline. Plaque needs to be removed everyday through brushing and flossing otherwise it produces toxins that will irritate gum tissue. At this early stage the damage can be reversed because bone and tissue that are responsible for keeping teeth in place are not affected.
This second stage of gum disease occurs when bones and fibers that support teeth and keep them in place are damaged beyond repair. Gums typically will begin to form pockets underneath the gumline. These pockets are prone to trapping food and plaque. The only way to stop this damage from spreading is to receive treatment from your local dentist or periodontist.
This is considered the final stage of gum disease. In this stage, the fibers and bone that support teeth are destroyed, causing your teeth to loosen and shift. Overtime, this will begin to affect your bite and will require aggressive treatment to prevent tooth loss.